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In March 2007, the South Korean government announced that it would publish a «Robot Ethics Charter» later that year, setting standards for users and manufacturers. According to Park Hye-Young of the Ministry of Information and Communication, the charter could reflect Asimov`s three laws and seek to establish ground rules for the future development of robotics. [53] In a 2007 editorial in the journal Science on the topic of «robot ethics,» SF author Robert J. Sawyer argues that since the U.S. military has been an important source of funding for robotics research (and already uses armed unmanned aerial vehicles to kill enemies), it is unlikely that such laws will be incorporated into their designs. [49] In a separate essay, Sawyer generalizes this argument to cover other industries, explaining: Lyuben Dilov`s 1974 novel, Icarus`s Way (aka The Trip of Icarus), introduces a fourth law of robotics: «A robot must establish its identity as a robot in all cases.» Dilov justifies the fourth protective measure as follows: «The latest law put an end to the costly aberrations of designers to give psychorobots as human a form as possible. And the resulting misunderstandings. [30] Although these laws seem plausible, many arguments have shown why they are inadequate. Asimov`s own stories are probably a deconstruction of laws and show how they fail again and again in different situations. Most attempts to design new guidelines follow a similar principle to create safe, compliant and robust robots. Jack Williamson`s short story «With Folded Hands» (1947), later rewritten in the novel The Humanoids, is about robotic services whose main task is to «serve, obey and protect men from evil.» While Asimov`s robot laws are designed to protect humans from harm, the robots in Williamson`s story have taken these instructions to the extreme; They protect people from everything, including unhappiness, stress, an unhealthy lifestyle, and any actions that could be potentially dangerous. All this man has to do is sit with his hands together. [26] Asimov once added a «zero law» – so called to continue the model of lower number laws replacing higher number laws – stating that a robot must not harm humanity.

The robot character R. Daneel Olivaw was the first to give a name to the Zero Law in the novel Robots and Empire; [16] However, Susan Calvin`s character articulates the concept in the short story «The Evitable Conflict.» Marc Rotenberg, president and executive director of the Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC) and professor of privacy law at Georgetown Law, argues that robotics laws should be expanded to include two new laws: the original laws were amended and drafted by Asimov and other authors. Asimov himself made slight changes to the first three in various books and short stories to further develop the interaction of robots with humans and with each other. However, the German TV series Raumpatrouille – The Fantastic Adventures of the 1960s Orion Spaceship is based on the third episode «Guardians of the Law» about Asimov`s Three Laws, without naming the source. The ambiguity of the laws led the perpetrators, including Asimov, to investigate how they might be misinterpreted or misapplied. One problem is that they don`t really define what a robot is. As research pushes the boundaries of technology, there are emerging branches of robotics that are looking at more molecular devices. Woods said, «Our laws are a little more realistic and therefore a little more boring» and that «the philosophy was, `Of course humans make mistakes, but robots will be better — a perfect version of ourselves.`» We wanted to write three new laws to get people to think more realistically and healthily about the human-robot relationship. [55] The 2019 Netflix original series Better than Us contains the 3 laws at the beginning of episode 1. Roger Clarke (aka Rodger Clarke) wrote two articles in which he analyzed the complications of implementing these laws if systems could ever enforce them.

He argued that «Asimov`s laws of robotics were a very successful literary tool. Perhaps ironically, or perhaps because it was artistically appropriate, the sum of Asimov`s stories refutes the claim he began with: it is not possible to reliably limit the behavior of robots by developing and enforcing a set of rules. [52] On the other hand, Asimov`s later novels The Robots of the Dawn, Robots and Empire and Foundation and Earth imply that the robots caused their worst long-term damage by fully obeying the Three Laws, thus depriving humanity of inventive or risky behavior. In October 2013, at a meeting of the EUCog[56], Alan Winfield proposed a revision of 5 laws published in 2010 by the EPSRC/AHRC working group with comments. [57] The advanced field of robotics produces a wide range of equipment, from autonomous vacuum cleaners to military drones to entire factory production lines. At the same time, artificial intelligence and machine learning are increasingly behind much of the software that affects us on a daily basis, whether we`re browsing the Internet or being assigned to government services. These developments are rapidly leading to an era where robots of all kinds will prevail in almost every area of society and human-robot interactions will increase dramatically. In the face of all these problems, Asimov`s laws offer little more than founding principles for someone who wants to create robot code today. We need to follow them with a much broader set of laws. However, without significant developments in AI, implementing such laws will remain an impossible task.

And that, before even thinking about the potential for injury, humans should fall in love with robots. In this context, a robot could only operate in a very limited area and any rational application of the laws would be severely restricted. Even this might not be possible with current technology, as a system that could argue and make decisions based on laws would require significant computing power. David Langford proposed a set of ironic laws:[51] Although Asimov sets the origin of the Three Laws on a specific date, their appearance in his literature took place over a period of time.